Evaluating the kinetics of cardiac biomarkers after ST-segment Elevation myocardial infarction.
EMERGE Research team
Cardiology Research Group
Background: Cardiac troponins are integral to the diagnosis of myocardial infarction, and plasma concentrations are used routinely in clinical practice to determine the extent of myocardial injury and to guide prognosis.(1) The latest generation of high-sensitivity assays are now able to measure very low concentrations of cardiac troponin even in healthy individuals, and as such these assay will permit a more accurate evaluation of the release and clearance of cardiac troponins from the circulation following myocardial infarction.(2)
Understanding the kinetics of cardiac biomarker release in patients with myocardial infarction will help clinicians to interpret cardiac troponins in patients who represent with recurrent symptoms, and may help us to identify patients at increased risk of adverse remodelling and subsequent heart failure.
• What factors influence the magnitude and time course of cardiac troponin release and clearance in patients with suspected or confirmed myocardial infarction
• Are there differences in troponin release kinetics between patients with ST-segment and Non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction?
• Does the magnitude and time course of troponin release differ by age and gender?
• How does microvascular obstruction influence the release and clearance of cardiac troponin in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention?
• How does the release and clearance of cardiac troponins compare to other biomarkers of myocardial injury?
• Is peak troponin concentration or a composite measure (area under the curve) a better predictor of left ventricular systolic dysfunction?
Prospective cohort study
Patients who present to the Emergency Department with suspected heart disease
Honorary Professor of Emergency Medicine & Clinical Director of the Emergency Department
People who develop an Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) often have a poor prognosis and many go on to develop chronic kidney disease (CKD). The recognition that AKI and CKD are linked is recent and the molecular pathways that control the transition from acute injury to chronic disease are not well defined. Currently there are no specific treatments that reduce the risk of progressing to CKD after AKI.
Preliminary investigations (not yet published) suggest that AKI causes sustained activation of the endothelin (ET) system to the long-term detriment of renal and systemic haemodynamic function. These pilot data form the basis of our project that seeks to determine whether the ET system is active in patients with AKI and, thus, represents a potential target for therapeutic intervention.
KRAKIL aims to recruit altogether 100 patients from across the emergency department, acute medical unit and inpatient wards at the Royal Infirmary. 50 of which with AKI’s and 50 matched controls with normal kidney function. We will monitor their bloods and urine for 90 days and compare the data from between the two groups.
TARGET CTCA is a joint venture between EMERGE and the cardiology research team aiming to recruit patients with suspected ACS across NHS Lothian and NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde. The study aims to recruit 2270 participants. For further information, please contact the EMERGE team.